Derived from a combination of the name of its co-founder's daughter "My" and the short form for Structured Query Language "SQL", MySQL is classified as an RDBMS, that is, open-source relational database management system. MySQL runs on about all existing platforms including Windows, UNIX, and Linux.

The source code for MySQL was made available by its development project in compliance with the conditions set by the General Public License (GNU), and also in compliance with a number of other proprietary agreements. The Swedish single for-profit firm MySQL AB once owned and sponsored MySQL before the rights of ownership were transferred to Oracle Corporation.

Background of the MySQL

MySQL AB was the Swedish company that created MySQL. The company was founded by Michael Widenius, Allan Larsson, and David Axmark. The original version of the MySQL development project was written in ISAM, a low-level programming language which the creators considered to be extremely slow and not adaptive. This led to the creation of a new SQL interface, while retaining the same API. This decision was made to enable many developers to publicly use the MySQL development project instead of the proprietary licensed editions.

First Release of the MySQL Database

The first release of the MySQL development project was on the 23rd of May, 1995. Since then, there have been various stable releases as well as preview releases being incorporated into the system from new innovative ideas and adaptive methods of application.

In cases of proprietary use, there are a bunch of paid editions available for purchase, which also include additional offers in the functionality of the development project platform. The MySQL development project has seen the release of two editions (stable and preview releases), with both being released on 17th July, 2017.

Application of MySQL

MySQL is used by applications such as Drupal, WordPress, and MODx. Clearly, MySQL can be used in a variety of applications, but it is associated more closely with online publishing and web-based applications.

The MySQL development project serves as the major and central component in the LAMP open-source web application software stack, where LAMP stands for "Linus, Apache, MySQL, Perl/PHP/Python". Its object-oriented scripting language is PHP but might also be Python or Perl instead, its RDBMS is MySQL, its web server is Apache, and its operating system is Linux. The development project can also be implemented in other AMP stacks.

Other Applications of MySQL

The implementation of the MySQL development project database is not restricted to application software, but can also be applied in the design and development of websites. A number of large-scale and high-profile websites like Google (excluding the search engine), Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Flickr also implement the MySQL development project database in their websites.

Availability of the MySQL Database

The MySQL database is available under two different editions:

  • the open-source MySQL community server; and
  • the proprietary Enterprise server.

Proprietary enterprise server

This platform is differentiated by a series of proprietary extensions which can be installed only as server plugins, but beside these differences, the version numbering system remains the same and is built with the same base code. Usually, companies that implement these editions have larger requirements and need certain provisions which may not be available in the open-source community server packages.

Open-source community server

This particular edition of the MySQL development project is available for public use by almost all developers. Developers who have mastered the implementation of the MySQL database in designing websites and applications make extensive use of it.

Features of the MySQL development project

The MySQL development project database is designed with an array of impressive features which make it a necessary tool when developing applications and websites for public use. Some of these features include an extensive subset of ANSI SQL 99, with extensions included. It allows for support across platforms and use of a procedural language to perform cached operations while closely adhering to SQL/PSM.

Other features include triggers, cursors, updatable views, and online DDL when using the InnoDB Storage Engine. It also has a set of SQL Mode options to control runtime behaviour, SSL support and query caching, as well as built-in replication support. MySQL Cluster provides multi-master replication, and non-clustered configurations can have multi-master support added to them using Galera Cluster.

There is also an embedded database library, searching, and full-text indexing completed with MyISAM engine. Another feature is numerous storage engines, making it possible to choose the appropriate one for each of the application’s tables.

Who can use the MySQL development database?

The MySQL development project database is available to almost all developers who want to design and develop websites and applications. It is the foundation of many applications for commercial use. Before developers can use it, they must master the inclusion of the database package in most, if not all developed applications.


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